Yerevan City Tour: Erebuni Museum, Local Market, Matenadaran, Tsitsernakaberd
Enjoy a 5-hour city tour of Yerevan. Visit the Erebuni Museum the “birthplace” of Yerevan on the fortress of Erebuni is on ArinBerd hill. It was built in 782 BC. During the excavations started in the 20th century an inscription was found, according to which the history of nowadays Yerevan starts from this place. Next up see the local food market and taste natural products offered by locals. See Matenadaran named after Mesrop Mashtots, one of the richest repositories of ancient manuscripts in the world. Finally see Tsitsernakaberd, the Genocide Memorial dedicated to the memory of 1.5 million Armenians who perished in the first genocide of the 20th century, at the hands of the Turkish government.
The tour starts at 10.00am from central Yerevan. You will be driven to the the South-Eastern part of Yerevan where the first stop is foreseen at the fortress of Erebuni on ArinBerd hill. It was built in 782 B.C. by the Urartian king Argishti the first. During the excavations started in the 20th century a cuneiform inscription was found, according to which the history of nowadays Yere-van starts from this place. On the top of the hill the ruins of the citadel and the frescoes on the wall reveal the high artistic achievements of those remote centuries. The museum down the hill displays the findings that have been excavated in the territory of the fortress. The next short stop is at Local market where there is a chance to taste and buy local natural food.
The third stop is on the northern part of Mashtots avenue where Matenadaran (a book depository), one of the world's most ancient libraries is located. Its collections comprise ancient Armenian books and miniature paintings that have gained world-wide fame. Among its unique treasures are the works of ancient classical authors and rare manuscripts that have come to our days only in the Armenian translation. Several monuments to the outstanding Armenian cultural figures are located in the courtyard of Matenadaran.
The next point is the memorial-complex to the victims of the Armenian genocide towers over Tsitsernakaberd hill. At the center of the monument there is the Memorial Sepulcher with eternal flame and twelve, tall basalt slabs leaning over the flame. As a part of the Monument the arrow-shaped 44 meters high granite stele symbolizes the spiritual rebirth and bold spirit of the Armenian people. The Genocide Museum is a special constituent part of the complex. The exhibit contains many large photos taken by the witnesses, archival documents, documentary films and the original documents issued by international organizations. The last stop is "Dalma Garden" Mall where the guests can stay upon preference for shopping. You will be returned to central Yerevan.